The Nutrition Categories

 
Nutrition is vital for good health but to achieve good health, nutrition needs to come from the following key categories: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, fiber and water.

Carbohydrates is an important category of nutrients that help keep the body in good shape. Carbohydrates are the Grain Group and provide minerals, fibers and B vitamins. Whole grain foods are the best in this category because of the fiber and minerals that are within them, such as brown rice and whole wheat bread. The grain group also consists of rice, cereal, pasta and bread.

The Vegetable and Fruit categories also contain minerals and vitamins that are vital for good health. These categories contain vitamin C, that come from fruits and vitamin A and C that come from vegetables. When picking vegetables, it is best to choose vegetables that are dark in color. When eating fruits and vegetables, it is healthier to eat them when they are fresh, for that is when they contain more vitamins. Cooking deletes the vitamins.

The Dairy group is still another part of the complete nutrition package. This category is high in calcium and is a mineral that is vital for healthy bones and teeth. Protein is also part of the dairy group. This calcium/protein category consists of such items as: cheese, yogurt, milk, cottage cheese and ice cream.

Meats is still another category of nutrition. For the human body, meats are important because they are rich in B vitamins, zinc, iron and protein. Of all these, protein is the most important because it help to keep your internal organs in good shape and helps to keep your muscles, bones, hair, blood, skin and bones, healthy.

Sweets and fats are also a part of the necessary group of nutrients but they should be eaten irregularly and in small amounts. Sweets and fats are mostly calories, with little to no vitamins or minerals. When it comes to fats it is good to know that fats have different categories and some fats are much worse than others, such as saturated fats. Saturated fats, found in oil, cream and butter have been known to cause cardiovascular diseases and cancer. However, olive oil, which is a monounsaturated fatty acid, may reduce cholesterol and may prevent certain types of cancer.

Fiber is most important to our daily diet and contains many important vitamins and is chiefly made up of carbohydrates.

Water is also important to our daily diet; due to the fact that our bodies are 70% water. The amount of water that we need has been debated for several decades but we should drink at least 6-8 glasses of it everyday, and more if we exercise for long periods of time. A personís age, weight and height, environmental temperatures, health and dietary habits, should also be considered when drinking water.

So, to maintain good health eat and drink in moderation and choose wisely the foods that you eatófocusing on fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats, healthy salads, minimal fats and plenty of water.
 
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